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In May , U. In September , China began using improperly drawn straight baseline claims around the Senkaku Islands, adding to its network of maritime claims inconsistent with international law. In December , China submitted information to the U. Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf regarding China's extended continental shelf in the East China Sea that includes the disputed islands. The Resolution titled " Senate Resolution —Reaffirming the Strong Support of the United States for the Peaceful Resolution of Territorial, Sovereignty, and Jurisdictional Disputes in the Asia-Pacific Maritime Domains ", referring to the recent Chinese provocations near the Senkaku Islands, condemns "the use of coercion, threats, or force by naval, maritime security, or fishing vessels and military or civilian aircraft in the South China Sea and the East China Sea to assert disputed maritime or territorial claims or alter the status quo.

Locklear said that he did not have sufficient resources to carry out a successful amphibious warfare campaign should the dispute lead to a war. On 23—25 April , U. President Obama expressed the commitments of Article 5 of Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan covered all territories under Japan's administration, including the Senkaku Islands in joint press conference and assured by U. When PRC-Japan diplomatic relations were established in , both nations found reasons to set aside this territorial dispute.

Our generation is not wise enough to find common language on this question. Our next generation will certainly be wiser. They will certainly find a solution acceptable to all. During subsequent decades, several rounds of bilateral talks considered joint-development of sub-seabed resources in disputed territorial waters. Such efforts to develop a cooperative strategy were unsuccessful. In , a preliminary agreement on joint development of resources was reached but the agreement only includes the area far from these islands. In a hotline was agreed to and in a military-to-military hotline , neither of which have been implemented.

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Explanations of the manifold causes of the intensified conflict involving the Senkaku Islands vary. The real importance of the islands lies in the The media of various nations are closely monitoring developments [] and attempting to explain the causes of the crisis, e. The historical record is a backdrop for each new incident in the unfolding chronology of these islands. While Taiwan and China first publicly claimed the islands in in February [] and December, [54] [] respectively , there were no major incidents between the three states regarding the islands until the s.

Since , however, several events, including naval encounters, scrambled fighter jets, diplomatic efforts, and massive public protests, have heightened the dispute. In the Hong Kong based activist David Chan Yuk-cheung drowned while attempting to swim to one of the islands.

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Since , vessels from China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong have entered waters that Japan claims as part of its exclusive economic zone connected with the islands on a number of occasions. In some cases, the incursions have been carried out by Chinese and Taiwanese protesters, such as in when a group of activists from the Action Committee for Defending the Diaoyu Islands approached the islands; the group was stopped by the Japanese Coast Guard prior to landing.

Japan sent coast guard vessels to block the ship and a helicopter to monitor its actions, subsequent to which the Coast Guard Agency Keelung office of Taiwan sent five patrol vessels. After a short standoff between the two groups of vessels, the Taiwanese fleet returned to their own territory. The activists were detained and then deported two days later. In addition, a number of incidents have occurred due to the presence of Chinese or Taiwanese fishing vessels in sea zones claimed by Japan. In some cases, these incidents have resulted in a collision between boats.

The first major event occurred in , when a Taiwanese fishing boat and a Japanese patrol vessel collided. The passengers were released, but the captain was detained for three days. The collisions occurred after the Japanese Coast Guard ordered the trawler to leave the area. After the collisions, Japanese sailors boarded the Chinese vessel and arrested the captain Zhan Qixiong. While Japanese government vessels regularly patrol the ocean surrounding the islands, Japanese civilians have also entered the area. In July , nine Japanese boats fished in the area.

A spokesman from Ganbare Nippon , which owned one of the vessels, stated it was done specifically to assert Japanese sovereignty over the islands. On some occasions, ships and planes from various Chinese and Taiwanese government and military agencies have entered the disputed area. In addition to the cases where they escorted fishing and activist vessels as described above, there have been other incursions.

In an eight-month period in , over forty maritime incursions and aerial incursions occurred. The Japanese government made a formal diplomatic protest to China. The most direct confrontation to date between the countries' official vessels occurred in September Both sides fired water cannons at each other and used LED lights and loudspeakers to announce their respective claims to the islands.

South China Sea | Lowy Institute

Military escalation continued in The two sides sent fighter airplanes to monitor ships and other planes in the area. Since October , patrols by the Chinese Coast Guard in the territorial waters of the Senkaku Islands have greatly decreased. The number of Chinese vessels entering the territorial waters near the Senkaku Islands. The various governments have lodged protests and criticisms of each other in response to the unfolding situation in and around the islands. For example, the Taiwanese government recalled its highest representative to Japan in the wake of the collision.

In , President of Taiwan Ma Ying-Jeou proposed the East China Sea Peace Initiative , which called for the sharing of the region's resources, including the Senkaku Islands, mediated by peaceful negotiations, international law, and international consensus. Secretary of State John Kerry , and Japanese scholars.

There have been a number of public protests in all three countries, often triggered by the specific incidents noted above. The first major set of protests revolved around the boat collision, with protests being held in Japan , China , and Taiwan. In , major protests began in August after reports that the Japanese government was considering purchasing the islands. The protests continued after the formal purchase into the middle of September. At the height of the protests, there were demonstrations in as many as 85 Chinese cities, [] along with Hong Kong [] and the United States.

China decided to implement an " Air Defense Identification Zone " around the islands and the broader region in order to "guard against potential air threats," according to the defence ministry. Japan reacted to the news by calling the move "very dangerous. A spokesman for the United States military stated that "The U.

We will not register a flight plan, we will not identify our transponder, our radio frequency and logo. Since the imposition, U. B aircraft and South Korean and Japanese military aircraft have violated it. To assist in the intruders detection in Senkaku Islands region, the Japan from 28 March has opened a radar station at Yonaguni island, resulting in a furious Chinese response.

In , the PRC complained about Japanese plans to teach students about ownership of the islands. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Territorial dispute between over uninhabited islands in the Pacific. Location of Senkaku Islands. Uotsuri-shima, the largest of the Senkaku Islands at 4.

Main article: Senkaku Islands geography.

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Letter of appreciation from the consul of the Republic of China in Nagasaki. See also: China anti-Japanese demonstrations. US: CNN. Archived from the original on 4 October The New York Times. Retrieved 15 August Retrieved 20 August Kyodo News. Agence France-Presse. Retrieved 16 November Asahi Shimbun. The Asahi Shimbun Company. Archived from the original on 9 March Retrieved 23 January University of Hawaii Press.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. As this research has made clear above, the determination of the relevant "critical date"is the key point for resolving the territorial disputes over the Senaku Islands.

Should it be January , as claimed by the Chinese side, when Japan incorporated the Senkaku Islands into Japanese territory, or February in the case of Taiwan and December in the case of China , as claimed by Japan, when Japan made known her official standpoint to both governments? On the other hand, Japanese arguments are premised on very recent acts of the exercise of state authority, which directly relate with the disputed Senkaku Islands.

Retrieved 29 January To make matters worse, when on January 8, , Renmin Ribao [ People's Daily ], the official propaganda organ for the Communist Party, criticized the occupation of Ryukyu Islands or Okinawa Prefecture by the United States, it stated that "the Ryukyu Islands are located northeast of our Taiwan Islands University of Maryland.

South China Sea territorial dispute

With respect to the PRC, a front page news report that appeared on the October 3, edition of the Sankei Shimbun, reported that the PRC government evidently recognized the disputed islands as Japanese territory as revealed in a government sponsored publication. This particular publication is identified as the January 8, edition of The Peoples' Daily , China's official party newspaper, in which an article entitled " The People of the Ryukyu Islands Struggle Against American occupation" noted the Senkaku Islands as one of the subgroups of islands that constituted the Ryukyu Islands.

Asahi shimbun. Archived from the original on 29 September Iwanami shoten.

South China Sea

Japan Times. The People's Daily described the Ryukyu Islands as "dispersed between the northeastern part of our country's Taiwan and the southwestern part of Japan's Kyushu Island" and as including the Senkaku Islands as well as the Sakishima Islands, Maehara said. Archived from the original on 31 December The Asahi Shimbun. Xinhua China.

Archived from the original on 9 January The Washington Times. Retrieved 18 September The Yomiuri Shimbun.