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No historian before him had so systematically explored the impact of environmental engineering on the design of buildings and on the minds of architects. In this revision of his classic work, Banham has added considerable new material on the use of energy, particularly solar energy, in human environments. Included in the new material are discussions of Indian pueblos and solar architecture, the Centre Pompidou and other high-tech buildings, and the environmental wisdom of many current architectural vernaculars. In stock online Delivery Days.

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By way of a back-to-nature philosophy, architecture was to provide only the basic requirements for shelter. Although not necessarily a solution, the pneumatic emerged in the s as an archetype for architectural experimentation. The ability of pneumatics to perform—to directly express the relationship between society, technology, and environment—challenged other architectures to also innovate, both technically and culturally. According to Banham,. All architecture has to mediate between an outer and an inner environment in some way, but if you can sense a rigid structure actually doing it dripping sounds, tiles flying off, windows rattling it usually means a malfunction.

Rather than treating architecture as a static, predictable, and stoic container of program and occupants, Banham looks to the inflatable as a new model for disciplinary and material invention, rendering architecture less like an object, and more like a happening.

Coopted by the architectural counterculture in the late s, pneumatics became the go-to scapegoat for avoiding the formal, material, and ideological tropes of an overly stylized modern architecture.

The architecture of the well-tempered environment.

Through their anti-monumentality and perceived impermanence, architectural inflatables also avoided the aestheticized iconography of a modernism tarnished by failed utopias. The constantly shifting form and space of these new-dimensional spaces—facilitated by working with lightweight materials like air and plastic—dislodged architecture from social norms, introducing novel opportunities for mobility and performance. While pneumatics became the default strategy for architects striving to push the boundaries of form and space, on the low-tech and do-it-yourself DIY end of the spectrum, they also dismantled the notion of architectural expertise.

In addition, a giant cable net was designed to counteract uplift with tie-downs. For Ant Farm, the difficulties posed by desert conditions led to an inflatable impossibility: attempts to respond to the extreme temperatures that ranged from degrees to freezing, coupled with unusually high winds, ultimately failed. That is, in addition to the inability of their pneumatic pillow to meet expectations of human comfort, it literally collapsed.

I. An Architectural Solution?

As a result, the catalog supplement was assembled in an airstream trailer Brand shared with his wife, Lois, and converted Brand from a pneumatic advocate to skeptic if not a denouncing critic virtually overnight. Even though Banham appreciated the DIY, expendable, and barely-there ethos of pneumatic experimentation in the s, most of these works served merely as agitprop detours indexing countercultural resistance to the architectural establishment and its poorly performing modernist buildings.

In most cases, a pneumatic approaching the scale of an actual building was destined to raise immediate concern about its viability as a structure that could be safely occupied. Victor A. Lundy, Air-supported exhibition building for the U. Atomic Energy Commission , timelapse photographs of deflation, Courtesy of Victor A. As a rather early model showcasing such structures, this project exposes an alternative historiography of pneumatic architecture.

That is, the AEC Pavilion challenges two common misconceptions: 1 inflatables were merely a flash-in-the pan, yet non-serious experiment carried by the s counterculture; and 2 pneumatics serve a range of practical and seasonal building uses e. Truman administration, and further developed under the presidency of Dwight D.

Eisenhower before it was closed down in That capability, already proved, is here—now—today. Conceived in collaboration with Birdair, the pavilion was comprised of two vinyl-coated nylon skins, separated by a four-foot air space.

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The pavilion was also designed with safety in mind: the air space between the inner and outer skins was compartmentalized into eight discrete chambers. Atomic Energy Commission , Atomic Energy Commission , Floor Plan, The AEC Pavilion was economical, both in terms of its material usage and labor. The AEC Pavilion was also efficient in terms of construction time. The project typically took three to four days to erect.

Once the fabric was attached to the two rigid end frames with built-in revolving doors the only task not carried out at ground level , the pavilion only took thirty minutes to inflate. Inside the pavilion, a ten-kilowatt working nuclear reactor was housed inside another inflatable dome, also manufactured by Birdair.

As a temporary and mobile building, the AEC Pavilion dispelled any uncertainties about the structural and performative instability of pneumatics. When installed at each location, the impermanent building appeared to be almost over-inflated—photographed from a distance, its puffiness was more akin to that of a static sculpted concrete shell, rather than an active air-filled membrane. With the exception of the revealed inflated tubes framing a covered entry on both ends of the pavilion, the pneumatic logic rendered itself far less visible than one might expect.

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Whereas most air-supported structures tend to be simple domes, or elongations of domical forms that still retain a closed figure in plan, the AEC pavilion is better described as an open-ended vault, or half-tube, deformed to produce two approximately hemispherical spaces joined by a central neck, and entered by means of arched porches, about the same diameter as the neck, at either end.

Unlike many of the flimsy agitprop wind-bags that would soon follow suit, the AEC Pavilion differentiated itself as a serious technical and formal alternative to conventional buildings. Walter Bird, photographed standing on top of one of his first pneumatic "radome" prototypes on the Cornell Aeronautical Laboratory grounds in Buffalo, New York, Source: Birdair, Inc. In , Lanchester, along with his brother, developed another unbuilt proposal—this time for a meter diameter pneumatic exhibition building. In the s, pneumatics were identified for their capacity to quickly and effectively respond to a variety of specialized applications.

Initially operating as military decoys to attract and distract enemy forces during WWII, inflatable forms were soon thereafter advanced for purposes of enemy detection. As Bird explains,. In , the engineer formed Birdair, Inc. More information about this seller Contact this seller 6.

Condition: UsedAcceptable. More information about this seller Contact this seller 7. More information about this seller Contact this seller 8. Octavo softcover VG : all our specials have minimal description to keep listing them viable. They are at least reading copies, complete and in reasonable condition, but usually secondhand; frequently they are superior examples. Ordering more than one book will reduce your overall postage costs.

Architecture of the Well-Tempered Environment

Seller Inventory xxpme More information about this seller Contact this seller 9. Condition: New. Seller Inventory More information about this seller Contact this seller Published by London, Architectural Press, About this Item: London, Architectural Press, Edges slightly browned, good thus in slightly chipped and rubbed dw. First edition of this ground-breaking Banham study.

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Published by University Of Chicago Press Condition: Acceptable. Seller Inventory mon Published by The University of Chicago Press Soft Cover. Second Edition. Covers have moderate general wear. Spine not creased. Internally clean. Soft cover.

Reyner Banham publica “The Architecture of the Well-tempered Environment”

Some darkening to the cover. Brand new book, sourced directly from publisher. Dispatch time is hours from our warehouse. Book will be sent in robust, secure packaging to ensure it reaches you securely. Paperback--covers show mild wear--pages unmarked but tanned. Seller Inventory G About this Item: Condition: New. Not Signed; Reyner Banham was a pioneer in arguing that technology, human needs, and environmental concerns must be considered an integral part of architecture. No historian before him had so systematically explored the impact of environmental engineering on the design of buildings and on the minds of architect.

Reyner Banham: Myths, meanings & forms of 20th century architecture (March 26, 1976) Part 2 of 2