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Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Be the first to like this. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. Captain John H. Rogers, Texas Ranger: Frances B. Vick Series 2. Texans considered themselves law-abiding, but they did not see a contradiction in an individual claiming the freedom to revenge a personal wrong through bloodshed. In fact, a distorted sense of southern masculinity argued that a person who refused to wipe out an insult with violence aint no man.
And Bill McDonald was almost victimized by it. He came close to becoming a killer on the run. Lawlessness and violence against black Texans in the Reconstruction era took place for several reasons.
Throughout the state blacks wanted to take charge of their lives and vote the Republican ticket. Declining crop prices also forced white landowners to cut costs, which made it difcult for blacks to earn a living. Here Green, who was intoxicated and abusive, was seized by several blacks, taken outside, and hanged from a hickory tree. In turn, a relative, Charles Green, and others took ve blacks involved in the crime from the county jail and strung up their prisoners on shade trees in the town square in retaliation. Soon after, federal soldiers arrived and investigated.
They eventually arrested Green, who was charged with murder, and placed him in the military stockade at Jefferson. The McDonalds and the members of the Green clan were related. The arrest of the killers of Peter Green did not quiet the fury of these Texans, who resented the northern bluecoats and the black males associated with them. Green in a running gun battle with the soldiers at Henderson.
The shootout ended when the bluecoats, holed up in a courthouse, captured and disarmed Green as he attempted to enter the building. McDonald then decided to give ground and try to form a rescue party. The troops, however, moved Green from the town before the rescue gang could act. Later McDonald was taken prisoner while nosing about the stockade holding Green. At the military trial that followed, Green was sent to prison.
McDonald was defended by David B. Culberson, a well-known Texas lawyer and later a prominent politician. The boy escaped conviction and a jail sentence. Longley, who in the aftermath of the rebellion turned to lawlessness, McDonald shunned outlawry. Nor did he develop a taste, as did some westerners, for mixing banditry with the work of a peace ofcermoving between the two at will. Beyond this line lay a narrow belt of land sprawling north and south in Central Texasinhabited perhaps by one person per ten square miles.
The vast areas of West Texas were virtually devoid of white and Mexican settlers.
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The Texas Panhandle, the northernmost counties of the state, too, was almost without white settlements. In succeeding decades, northwestern Texas, the place where McDonalds Rangers had their early encounters with badmen, would become a destination for immigrant trains, with ranchers and farmers moving in and changing the nature of the region. A number of farreaching events helped to create a new Texas. The rise of the cattle kingdom resulted in longhorns being driven on trails to markets outside the state.
In art and literature the cowboy joined the fur-trader, the lumber-jack, and the prospector in shaping the popular West. At the same time federal troops and Texan forces found unsouthern ways of battling Comanches on the plains. In everyday life lariats, boots, and Stetsons became fashionable items. In folk music one could hope for a better fate than to die on the lone prairie and be buried in a little grave: Where the coyotes howl and the wind blows free. To some, their viewpoint remains xed upon the traditional story championed by the Turnerian school of history.
In brief, white pioneers hacked their way through woods and moved across plains to build a new society through heroic actions against those who opposed their advance. To others, like the adherents of the New Western History, the conquest of the western lands resulted in destroying the environment, slaughtering Indians, and persecuting minority inhabitants.
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Westernerseven Texanscarried out both heroic acts and villainous deeds in their search for their identity. The tenets of the New Western History provide insights into the patterns of existence in the trans-Mississippi West. One conviction stresses the importance of place in everyday affairs. The intermingling of different groups in the western regions brought about a pluralistic society, with women becoming active players in the ongoing drama. The newer historians of the western lands also emphasize the adverse impact of civilization and progress on Indians, blacks, and the environment.
Captain John H.Rogers, Texas Ranger
Transient miners, for example, could pan for gold and dig for minerals one day, and leave behind tin cans and other trash the next morning. Then, too, US troopers had the unenviable duty to protect Indians from whites and whites from Indians. Yet early-day westernersin order to survive and keep their humanitycarried ries in one hand and Bibles in the other, without becoming schizophrenics. As the decade of the s opened, McDonald decided to become a businessman.
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Then, after graduation and a short interlude of teaching penmanship with his own stylish handwriting on display , McDonald borrowed money from relatives and purchased a ferry-store business at Browns Bluff on the Sabine River in Gregg County. He operated this enterprise for about a year before seeking other economic opportunities. Organized in the s, Wood County, at the western end of the piney woods in northeastern Texas, had nearly 7, residents by the time McDonald arrived.
Economic activity centered around farming, raising livestock, lumbering, and constructing railroads. The coming of the rail lines in the s led to the rise of Mineola as a population center. For a few years McDonald witnessed the incorporation of the town and the building of houses and businesses, with potbellied stoves inside and hitching posts outside. In McDonald and his partner, M.
Durham, operated a grocery rmcalled W. McDonald borrowed money from his mother to start the business. She allowed her son, however, to make decisions and run the store as her agent.
Yours to Command: The Life and Legend of Texas Ranger Captain Bill McDonald
In the summer of , E. Carter took over Durhams interests. In his ofcial biography Paine wrote that McDonalds business venture was a success. But trouble was coming, as the owners tried to balance stock purchases, sales, and debts. Two basic problems existed: selling goods on credit and continually borrowing funds, especially from J. John H. Newsom, pioneer farmer, justice of the peace, and a clerk in McDonalds business venture, mentioned that in the rst month of McDonald faced nancial troubles.
To his chagrin Newsom had invested several hundred dollars in the business. McDonald wished to keep the sum for a longer period of time, but Newsom wanted it returned, since he doubted that McDonald realized how close to failure he really was. But the dealer in foodstuffs and household supplies knew he was going broke.
In popular terms McDonald was embarrassed.
But other creditors refused to go along with this solution. Before that happened, goods and property were turned over to a receiver.
He sold some, while other merchandise went, at a sacrice, in a sheriffs sale. The returned staples, in his words, were mostly damaged. First, he needed to pay off local creditors. Second, he had a heartfelt desire to redeem the notes held by three relatives: Eunice McDonald his mother , J. McCauley his brother-in-law , and M.
Durham his uncle. McCauley even loaned his relative cash, a hack, and a wagon.